Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Race Relations Act 1976 And The Actions That Athea And The Commission Essay

Race Relations Act 1976 And The Actions That Athea And The Commission For Racial Equality Could Take In Respect Of Them - Essay Example In the U.K. the Government has perceived the significance of saving uniformity and common freedoms in light of a legitimate concern for by and large advancement in the State. The Race Relations Act confined in 1976 explicitly manages separation on the grounds of race in the fields of work, preparing training, lodging and different administrations esteemed important to guarantee that the common freedoms of an individual are not hampered*3. This demonstration was additionally corrected in 2000 to join separation from every single open body. Section 74, Section 1 of the Race relations Act sets out the grounds that will comprise an infringement of the arrangements of the Act by any individual when â€Å"on racial grounds, he treats that different less well than he treats or would treat other persons† particularly when â€Å"he can't demonstrate [it] to be reasonable, independent of the shading, race, nationality or ethnic or national starting points of the individual to whom it i s applied.† Part II of the Act manages segregation practiced by businesses and under Section 4, an employer’s activity would likewise be considered to be unlawful under the arrangements of this demonstration on the off chance that he victimizes a representative or possible worker by â€Å"refusing or purposely overlooking to offer him that employment.†

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The Levels of Deception in Twelfth Night Essay Example For Students

The Levels of Deception in Twelfth Night Essay Twelfth Night is a play that relies upon double dealings. Without double dealing none of the plays significant storylines could exist in the manner that they do. As may be normal, the duplicities fall into various kinds of trickery, and furthermore a wide range of levels. These can be depicted as levels of significance some including entire plots and some lone a couple of minor occasions and levels of how clear every double dealing is. The double dealings come in various appearances, including purposeful duplicity, self-trickery and others. Intentional double dealing is urgent to the plot. One part of this is the component of camouflage. This can be partitioned into strict mask, as characters changing their appearance, and the fa㠯⠿â ½ade which characters present to the world so as to appear to be changed to how they truly are. Likely the most significant and sweeping misdirection in the play is Violas camouflage as a man, Cesario. This has numerous ramifications for herself as well as other people. She first camouflages herself for assurance in a remote land, she wishes the ocean skipper to support her dress as a man with the goal that she can discover business. The results of this are vital to the play. In the event that Viola had not propagated this duplicity she would not have met Orsino, and also Olivia and Sebastian may never have hitched. Violas mask is of an elevated level, relating similarly to its significant results, how evident and humorous it is to the crowd, and furthermore that it is confounded and hard to keep up, as Viola needs to camouflage her sex as well as her causes of social class. We will compose a custom article on The Levels of Deception in Twelfth Night explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now Feste masks himself so as to trick Malvolio, utilizing the entertaining components of strict camouflage. As Sir Toby Belch says: put on this outfit and this facial hair; cause him to accept thou workmanship Sir Topas the clergyman Aside from the quickly clear duplicity seen here, this camouflage is intriguing in various ways. Shakespeares utilization of the name Topas is significant, as the semi-valuable stone topas was famous for its capacity to fix frenzy. Individuals from Shakespeares crowd may have known this, and would think that its comical identified with the way that Malvolio was supposed to be distraught. It is odd that this mask from the outset appears to be pointless. Malvolio is secured a dull room and can't see Feste. Anyway its motivation is to make parody for the crowd. This camouflage is very pitiless in the manner that it misleads Malvolio, however it is really observed as amusing by the crowd and by different characters. Shakespeare plainly plans this entertaining viewpoint with Feste as; satisfying the job of authorized imbecile, all that he says is intended to be diverting: Malvolio: great Sir Topas, go to my woman Feste: Out, hyperbolical fiendtalkest thou of only women? Feste is totally mindful of what Malvolio implies now and all through the scene, yet Shakespeare decides for him to purposely misconstrue, bringing about a superb comedic circumstance for the crowd. Numerous characters in the play mask their actual feelings, character and personality without genuinely wearing a camouflage. A prime case of this is Feste. He is seen to be a numb-skull, which is really his occupation. In any case all through the play he shows his knowledge in the remarks he makes and his bits of knowledge. He has some savvy considerations, for instance, on the subject of righteousness: Anything that is retouched, is nevertheless fixed: righteousness that violates is nevertheless fixed with transgression; and sin that revises is nevertheless fixed with ethicalness. This isn't the sort of remark that a stupid individual would be required to make; thus we see unmistakably that the title fool is just a front, and that Festes genuine character is altogether different. Feste is likewise appeared as exceptionally keen, for instance when he says to Maria if Sir Toby would leave drinking, thou wert as clever a bit of Eves tissue as any in Illyria. this is an exact predicting of the marriage among Maria and Sir Toby that happens. Shakespeare makes reference to the Biblical record of creation to propose Marias gentility. Remarks made by Feste all through the play show the crowd that the first picture Shakespeare makes for him by comments, for example, Olivias Take the blockhead away are deceiving. Feste, regardless of the demonstration that he puts on, is clearly not a blockhead. Other people who are not what they have all the earmarks of being incorporate Olivia who isn't as true in her grieving as she would appear, and Sir Toby and Sir Andrew who are unquestionably not as sullen and capable as their raised position would demonstrate. A considerable lot of the plays trickeries are realized by liars and lying. One evident case of this is the gulling of Malvolio by Sir Toby, Sir Andrew Aguecheek, Fabian and Maria. In retribution for his strict mentalities they choose to deceive him utilizing an adoration letter composed by Maria, which seems to originate from Olivia. The plotters are anxious to acknowledge this out of their abhorrence for Malvolio and to mortify him. They anticipate the satisfaction and parody this misleading will cause: .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c , .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c .postImageUrl , .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c .focused content territory { min-stature: 80px; position: relative; } .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c , .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c:hover , .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c:visited , .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c:active { border:0!important; } .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c { show: square; progress: foundation shading 250ms; webkit-change: foundation shading 250ms; width: 100%; obscurity: 1; change: darkness 250ms; webkit-change: mistiness 250ms; foundation shading: #95A5A6; } .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c:active , .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c:hover { haziness: 1; progress: murkiness 250ms; webkit-progress: murkiness 250ms; foundation shading: #2C3E50; } .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c .focused content zone { width: 100%; position: relati ve; } .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c .ctaText { fringe base: 0 strong #fff; shading: #2980B9; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: striking; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; content enhancement: underline; } .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c .postTitle { shading: #FFFFFF; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: 600; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; width: 100%; } .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c .ctaButton { foundation shading: #7F8C8D!important; shading: #2980B9; outskirt: none; outskirt span: 3px; box-shadow: none; text dimension: 14px; text style weight: intense; line-tallness: 26px; moz-outskirt sweep: 3px; content adjust: focus; content enrichment: none; content shadow: none; width: 80px; min-stature: 80px; foundation: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/modules/intelly-related-posts/resources/pictures/basic arrow.png)no-rehash; position: outright; right: 0; top: 0; } .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c:hover .ctaButton { foundation shading: #34495E!important; } .u045613d890 356162d113f119ddcb485c .focused content { show: table; tallness: 80px; cushioning left: 18px; top: 0; } .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c-content { show: table-cell; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; cushioning right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-adjust: center; width: 100%; } .u045613d890356162d113f119ddcb485c:after { content: ; show: square; clear: both; } READ: Shakespeare Assignment: Romeo and Juliet; Act 3 Scene 5 EssaySir Andrew: Oh, twill be commendable! Maria: Sport regal, I warrant you This demonstrates an extraordinary difference to the entangled and upsetting outcomes, which Viola had acknowledged before are her very own aftereffect misleading: Goodness time thou must unravel this, not I! It is too hard a bunch for me tuntie Here Shakespeares rhyming couplet closes a specific idea, and without a doubt the scene. The similitude, contrasting double dealing with a bunch, is powerful as a bunch contains various strands which, having gotten trapped and interwoven; will be difficult to fix. This is fundamentally the same as a meaning of duplicity. Sir Toby deceives Sir Andrew at different focuses in the play. One case of this misdirection of Sir Andrew is discovered when Sir Toby and Fabian entertain themselves via conveying lies between Sir Andrew and Cesario at the event of their duel: Sir Toby: Fabian can rare hold him there Sir Andrew: Let him let the issue slip and Ill give him my pony Sir Toby: (to Cesario) Theres no cure, sir, he will battle with you fors vows sakes Shakespeare makes sensational incongruity with the main line of this discourse as the crowd understand that the main explanation Fabian can rare hold Cesario is on the grounds that he is so urgent to escape! This likewise contains a clue that the kinship between Sir Andrew and Sir Toby is a double dealing in itself as Sir Toby doesn't spare a moment to utilize Sir Andrew for diversion similarly as he prior utilized Malvolio. There are additionally implies given that Sir Toby just needs Sir Andrew around for his cash; he says, I have been of high repute to him, chap, exactly 2,000 in number or somewhere in the vicinity. This is perhaps the most profound degree of duplicity in the play. On the off chance that it is valid, at that point the whole companionship of these two characters depends on a duplicity. This is a significant issue, which stands out from the comic topic of the play. This misleading is rarely really determined, just indicated. Characters in Twelfth Night regularly trick others, however they are similarly prone to hoodwink or beguile themselves. Malvolio is an incredible victim of this. He trusts himself to be generally well known. Appropriately noted by Olivia: O, you are tired of self esteem Malvolio His outrageous conceit gives satire to the crowd, and a ground for his trickiness over the letter, as he likewise accepts erroneously that Olivia adores him and may wed him. This shows by and by his misleadingly high assessment of himself; that he figures he may wed into the more elite classes of society notwithstanding being just a s

Monday, July 27, 2020

Confused About Successful Jerks Get to Know the Dark Triad

Confused About Successful Jerks Get to Know the Dark Triad Steve Jobs. Travis Kalanick. Evan Spiegel.These three guys have two things in common. The first is that they are all brilliant entrepreneurs who co-founded technology startups that went on to be wildly successful. The second is that they can all be described as jerks.Apple co-founder Steve Jobs is still one of the world’s most praised entrepreneurs to this date, several years after his death. Despite his success as an entrepreneur, Jobs could be a pain in the back. He screamed at employees for the smallest things. He is even said to have stormed into a meeting once and hurled unprintable words at everyone inside the board room.Uber co-founder Travis Kalanick has severally been accused by the media of being sexist, misogynist and exhibiting bad boy behaviors. A venture capitalist passed over the opportunity to invest in Uber because he felt that Kalanick acted like he (Kalanick) was a gift from God.Snapchat co-founder, Evan Spiegel, on the other hand, has also been accused of being a misogynist and a jerk generally. At one time, he was so angry with his parents for not getting him a $75,000 BMW that he cut himself out of family photos.These three are not the only jerks who have risen to successful positions in their industries. Several other incredibly successful entrepreneurs, such as PayPal, SpaceX and Tesla co-founder Elon Musk and Amazon founder have similar reputations.They are all known for pushing their vision about their companies without giving an iota of care about the feelings of their employees or anyone else.This is not only reserved to the tech industry.Donald Trump has been severally referred to as a jerk, but he is the current president of the United States. Kanye West, one of the world’s greatest pop culture icons, has severally been accused of being narcissistic and maniacally egotistic.If you look around you, will notice many more examples of people who are wildly successful despite being jerks. This raises the question:Who is more likely to succeed in life â€" a nice guy or a jerk?In an ideal world, people expect that people with virtuous traits â€" honesty, friendliness, generosity and warmth â€" to be more successful than people with darker traits â€" dishonesty, selfishness, cold-heartedness and hostility.However, we see a lot of successful and powerful people who clearly exhibit the darker traits, lending credence to the popular saying that nice guys finish last.Research cited by the Association for Psychological Science also confirms that jerks tend to be more successful, depending on the particular traits they exhibit.How do you explain this?Well, the success and achievements of jerks are often a result of a concept known as the dark triad. Dark triad personalities have a set of socially aversive traits which, when brought together, confer a great advantage to an individual, increasing their chances of success.WHAT IS THE DARK TRIAD? The dark triad is a concept used in psychology to refer to individuals who ha ve a set of three aversive yet functional personality traits. The three personality traits are narcissism, Machiavellianism and psychopathy.These three traits are spectrum disorders, which means most people show these traits to a certain degree. Those who fall very high on the spectrum in the three traits are usually diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder.On the other hand, those affected by the trio of traits below clinical levels (the traits are there but not enough to be clinically diagnosed as mental illnesses) tend to achieve a lot of success in life.Let’s take a deeper look at the three traits that make up the dark triad.NarcissismThis trait gets its name from the Greek myth of Narcissus. Narcissus was the son of the River God Cephisus and the nymph Liriope. Narcissus was known for his striking beauty.Upon seeing his reflection on a pool, Narcissus falls in love with the reflection and becomes so fixated with his beauty that he ends up drowning in the pool. Just like Narcissus, narcissists are driven by an extreme fixation on themselves.They are selfish, arrogant and boastful. They have a grandiose self-confidence and self-centeredness and desire to always be the object of attention.Narcissistic people also have a great sense of entitlement and believe they are superior to others. They are hypersensitive to criticism and will go to great lengths to ensure that they maintain their image.On the outside, narcissists appear to be very confident. On the inside, however, most of them are very insecure and are constantly looking for things to reinforce their bloated egos. They will lie and deceive to maintain their public impression.They are masters of the ‘fake it till you make it’ philosophy. Their sense of self-importance is so high that they even deceive themselves and believe their own boasts, even when it can be verified that they are overselling themselves.In case their fragile ego is threatened, most narcissists display a lot of anger and aggression in what is referred to as a ‘narcissistic rage’.Unlike normal and healthy self-confidence which is based on a person’s adhered values, accomplishments and respect towards self and others, the self-confidence displayed by narcissists is usually a psychological defense against their intrinsic inadequacies.To help them maintain their public image, narcissists are often charming and charismatic, which makes them socially successful. They are highly motivated to maintain impressions and are undeterred by rejection.Narcissists are also poor at processing shame. They see themselves as perfect people who are better than anyone else and who deserve awards and recognition because of that.They have no problem exploiting others so long as it helps them maintain their grandiose view of themselves.MachiavellianismThis term was derived from the philosophies of Niccolo Machiavelli, a renowned Italian politician and diplomat from the 16th century.In his 1513 book The Prince, Machiav elli argues for the use of trickery and deceit in diplomacy. Machiavellianism, therefore, is a personality trait displayed by people who tend to use cunning and deceit in their social interactions to achieve their goals.As such, Machiavellianism is associated with duplicity, self-interest and a lack of morality. Machiavellians exude a facile social charm which they use to undermine others.Machiavellians are strategic and calculating. They believe that the end justifies the means and have no trouble manipulating others in order to achieve their goals. Manipulation is a trait that is also seen among psychopaths.However, Machiavellians are more future oriented. To them, life is like a game of chess. They always think several moves ahead. They will form alliances and carefully maintain their reputations till they get what they want.Machiavellians don’t trust human goodness. They believe that everyone only thinks about themselves and that depending on others is naïve.Because of this, they are only focused on their own interests and ambitions, giving a higher priority to money and power over relationships. According to Machiavellians, one has to be deceptive to get ahead.They are willing to compromise on values and principles if it helps them to achieve their goals. As part of the exploitative and manipulative strategies, their use charm, confidence and flattery to fool others.They have low empathy and have no qualms about causing harm to others to get what they want. They are good at reading social situations. They are very patient due to their calculating nature and often avoid emotional attachments and commitment.Unlike the other two traits that make up the dark triad, Machiavellianism is not a permanent personality trait. Machiavellians will display this trait only in certain situations, under certain conditions.Therefore, they might seem genuinely kind and caring at one moment, and then act surprisingly Machiavellian the next moment, depending on what’s at stake.Generally, Machiavellians have a “do or die” attitude. They will do whatever it takes to get what they want.PsychopathyThis is a personality trait that is associated with low or lacking empathy, antisocial behavior, guiltlessness and lack of remorse, manipulation, high impulsivity, interpersonal hostility and heartless social attitudes.Psychopaths are unusually bold, with little or no fear, high tolerance to stress, unfamiliarity and danger, and high levels of social assertiveness and self-confidence.Studies have shown that the connections among the components of the brain that are responsible for emotions are weak in psychopaths, which gives psychopaths the inability to feel emotions deeply.Psychopaths also have unusually high thresholds for disgust. They will engage in unethical or disgusting actions without the slightest feeling of disgust. Psychopaths are also largely irresponsible and tend to show blame externalization, where they place the blame on others, even if t hey are at fault.Forced into a corner, they might admit their blame, though they will not feel any shame or remorse even when caught in the wrong. They also have a very low tolerance for frustration and are highly aggressive.THE LINK BETWEEN THE DARK TRIAD AND SUCCESSThe three traits that make up the dark triad all seem like negative traits. Yet, when brought together, they often lead to success.According to this 15 year longitudinal study, individuals who exhibit narcissistic and psychopathic tendencies attain higher levels of financial attainment and are more likely to get to the top of the organizational hierarchy.Another research conducted by Bond University forensic psychologist Nathan Brooks found out that 21% of senior professionals (about one in every five) in the United States have clinically significant psychopathic traits.This becomes even more significant when you consider that psychopaths only constitute 1% of the general population. Various other researches and studies support the notion that dark triads tend to be more successful.This research found that narcissistic individuals tend to earn higher salaries, while Machiavellians were more likely to advance and to be satisfied in their careers.What is the reason behind this? Why do the bad guys win even at the workplace?Apparently, there is a bright side to these dark traits. One study examining the overlap between positive and negative personality traits found that personality traits such as high self-esteem, extraversion, curiosity, and openness to new experiences were generally higher among individuals with the dark triad personality.Apart from having the above positive traits, individuals with a combination of the three dark traits also have a knack for exploiting others in order to achieve their goals.Dark triad personalities are also more likely to be competitive in nature, even if they do this by inhibiting cooperation and altruism at work.Below, we take a look at how each dark triad influ ences success.NarcissismIndividuals high in narcissism, with their grandiose self-confidence and their sense of entitlement and superiority, are more likely to seek out leadership positions at work, since this will give them a sense of status.Their high level of confidence also plays a role in helping them nab leadership positions â€" after all, confidence is one of the characteristics of a good leader.Since they care a lot about their public image, narcissistic individuals are also careful to make good first impressions, especially during job interviews.Because of this, they tend to land better jobs and earn higher salaries than the average person. With their huge self-confidence and sense of entitlement, narcissists are also more likely to initiate negotiations and negotiate favorable terms for themselves.Narcissistic individuals are also more comfortable networking and getting others to notice and pay attention to them.This gives them an advantage in situations like sales and pre sentations. Instead of moving with the crowd, they are not afraid to innovate and shift paradigms. Whereas average people are afraid of the criticism that comes with non-conformity, narcissists thrive in controversy.Finally, owing once again to their self-confidence, they are not afraid to seek and apply for new opportunities.Of course, the more a person seeks opportunities, the more likely they are to find them. Even when they get rejected, narcissists do not give up.After all, they believe that that they are God’s gift to mankind, therefore if someone rejects them, then it is that person’s fault.MachiavellianismMachiavellians, on the other hand, are driven by their goals. They will stop at nothing to achieve their goals.According to a 2009 paper by Jones and Paulhus, Machiavellians tend to display higher motivation than the average person. They are more focused and are willing to work harder to achieve their goals.According to the same paper, Machiavellians also thrive in situ ations that provide the opportunity for manipulation. Whereas other people find situations such as negotiations and confrontations to be awkward, Machiavellians actively seek out such situations.To Machiavellians, the only important thing in the world is their desired goal. Everything else is an obstacle that must be dealt with, even if it means deceiving or manipulating others.Driven by their goals, Machiavellians are more likely to notice their shortcomings and take corrective action, such as improving their skills. This makes them more likely to achieve success compared to the average person.Machiavellians also have a high degree of charm. They know what they want and they understand that they need other people to get it. They use their charm to rope in others to help them achieve their goals.They also have no problem manipulating the truth to suit them. For instance, a Machiavellian will not think twice about lying in his resume if he believes that doing so will give him a highe r chance of landing the job.Given that many organizations do not follow up with former organizations to verify facts, this can give a Machiavellian a significant advantage over the average person.PsychopathyThe distinguishing characteristic of psychopaths is that they lack empathy and are not capable of feeling any deep emotion.This means that psychopaths are more likely to make better decisions, considering that research and studies have shown that emotions lead to irrational behavior.One research in particular set out to test the effect of emotional detachment in psychopathy on decision game through a game referred to as the ultimatum game.The game places power in one player’s hands and then examines the rationality of the other player’s decision. In the game, the first player is given a certain amount of money, say $100 and told that he can keep the money on one condition.He is supposed to share some of the money with the second player, and it’s up to him to decide how much he will give to the second player. He can give him as much as little or as much as he wants.If the second player accepts the offer, the second player gets the proposed amount and both of them can keep their share. If the second player rejects the offer, then neither of them gets to keep any money.Since the second player does not have money to begin with, it would be rational for them to accept any offer. Even if player one offers them $1, it makes more sense to take the dollar instead of walking away empty-handed.Surprisingly, the research found that most average second players rejected offers beyond a certain level. If they felt that an offer was unfair, they rejected it, which means that both players got nothing.They players also exhibited an electrodermal response, which means that the decision elicited a subconscious response from them.When the experiment was replicated among people with psychopathic traits, the researchers found that the psychopathic players made better decisi ons. They accepted offers that were rejected by non-psychopathic players. The psychopathic players also showed lower levels of electrodermal response.The findings from this experiment give us a clue into why individuals with psychopathic traits might be more successful at the workplace.Their decisions are not clouded by emotion. This can give the psychopath a significant advantage over the average person, especially in situations where there are huge emotions behind a decision.For instance, let’s assume that an organization is struggling with reduced revenue and is trying to find solutions. One solution is apparent. If the organization fires 500 people, it will become more profitable and avoid going bust.The average manager might have a hard time making such a decision. He might be worried about what people will think of him and the anguish that the fired employees might go through.In the end, he might even come up with a different but less effective solution to avoid firing 500 p eople.A psychopath, on the other hand, would make a decision without giving a damn about the fired people, which is of course the better decision.Tying Everything TogetherWe have seen that each of the three dark traits can give an individual distinct advantages over the average person. When brought together, the combined advantages can add up and become quite significant.A dark triad personality is full of self-confidence, entitled and is quite good at making good first impressions. He is charming and charismatic, knows how to put his goals before everything else and has no trouble manipulating people to achieve these goals.Finally, he does not care about the feelings of others and will have no trouble making difficult decisions even if others might not be happy with the decisions.These are the ideal traits of a leader, and it is therefore not surprising that many dark triads end up in leadership positions.DOWNSIDES OF THE DARK TRIADWhile we have seen that the dark triad can improve an individual’s chances of achieving success, it is not all sunshine and roses. There are some major downsides of the dark triad.According to this paper, the success of dark triads is usually short lived and often comes at a cost to both self and the entire organization. In other words, the dark triad helps individuals get ahead but not get along with others.This is why you often hear the terms‘snakes in suits’ and ‘toxic leadership’.Dark triad personalities are also more likely to be associated with issues such as lying, deception, unethical behavior, cyber-aggression and white collar crime, such as internet fraud, Ponzi schemes, malfeasance, insider trading, embezzlement and corruption.The dark triad is also linked to higher incidents of counterproductive workplace behaviors, such as bullying, absenteeism, theft, sabotage, turnover and so on.Many dark triads also have trouble outside their working life. The traits that give them an edge in the boardroom are the same tra its that cause problems in their social lives.WRAPPING UPThe dark triad refers to individuals who exhibit a set of the three dark traits of psychopathy, Machiavellianism and narcissism.While each of these is a negative trait, individuals displaying mild levels of three traits can achieve high levels of success.Brought together, the three traits result in individuals who are full of self-confidence, are good at making impressions, are charming and charismatic, goal oriented and have no problem stepping on others’ toes to get where they want.Unfortunately, while the dark triad can lead to success, the success often short-lived and comes at the cost of the whole organization.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Is Love An Unattainable Ideal Essay - 1388 Words

Is true love an unattainable ideal? Do we all have a soul mate? Is love just an exchange of lies for the purpose of flattery? These questions, and countless others, regarding love have been pondered by philosophers and pop music stars alike for hundreds of years. William Shakespeare examines these questions from two vantage points in â€Å"Sonnet 116† and â€Å"Sonnet 138.† Firstly, in â€Å"Sonnet 116†, Shakespeare analyzes love in a rhetorical manner, meaning that he is not discussing a specific relationship of his, but theorizing on the concept of love as a whole, in abstract terms. Conversely, in â€Å"Sonnet 138†, Shakespeare analyzes love in a specific manner. He looks inward to inspect a relationship between him and a woman, also known as The Dark Lady, and paints a much different picture of love than in â€Å"Sonnet 116†, in specific terms. In William Shakespeare’s â€Å"Sonnet 116† and â€Å"Sonnet 138†, Shakespeare ana lyzes love in abstract and specific terms; concluding that abstract love relies on affection, does not change or age, and is built upon a solid foundation of truth, while specific love, on the other hand, relies on lust, actively ignores change and aging, and revolves around deception. These two sonnets paint entirely adverse portraits of love in order to emphasize the dichotomy between the poet’s expectations of love, and the reality which does not live up to the poet’s expectations. Firstly, how time and age affect love is one of the most obvious points of contention betweenShow MoreRelatedHow The Ideal Love Is Unattainable1373 Words   |  6 Pagespoet from 1785 until 1830, when the Romantic Movement ended. Many of his poems published as satires and root back to his ability to express his thoughts about things going on in his life, specifically his childhood. 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In â€Å"Sonnet 138†Read MoreThe Depiction Of Women During The Renaissance Could Be1727 Words   |  7 Pagesthey weren’t viewed as multi-faceted beings like men, is where the issue of how women were represented in Renaissance art and literature lies. Many male writers and scholars of the time presented works pertaining ideals and ‘guides’ that women should follow so that they could become the ideal woman, yet this is where the trouble lies – it is the masculine deciding what the feminine should be, instead of the feminine being decided by the women themselves. Of course, there is some forgiveness to thisRead MoreWhat Ideas About Love and the Past Are Explored in ‘Love Songs in Age’ and ‘Wild Oats’ by Philip Larkin? Use ‘Down the M4’ by Dannie Abse to Illuminate Your Response.1403 Words   |  6 PagesThroughout Love Songs in Age and Wild Oats, Philip Larkin uses various literary techniques, such as imagery, structure and symbolism to convey certain aspects of love and the passing of time. These aspects are illuminated by Dannie Abse in Down the M4. Love Songs in Age pictures a woman, perhaps Larkin’s mother, who has kept the musical scores of songs she used to play, perhaps on the piano, and rediscovers them after many years, when she is a widow. In the poem, Larkin uses lexical choice to exploreRead MoreThe Disillusionment Of The American Dream1050 Words   |  5 PagesGatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald reveals the American Dream is an unattainable illusion and the materialism led to the corruption of the American Dream in the Roaring Twenties. Gatsby, Daisy and Myrtle all have been fail to achieve their dreams in the book and destroy by the American Dream. Jay Gatsby’s, one of the main characters, American Dream is corrupted and ended in failure. His dream to become rich and then win Daisy back, who is in love with Gatsby five years ago but now is married to a rich manRead MoreThe Curious Incident Of The Dog In The Night-Time Analysis946 Words   |  4 Pagesthoughts of normality in society through Christopher and his interpretation of certain aspects of life The ideals of humans conform society into making how Christopher views the world not normal. No one perceives certain aspects of life through the same lenses. Although the idealistic thought of normality states the opposite, everyone does see things differently Haddon connects with the ideals of normality in his novel, The Curious Incident of a Dog in the Night-Time. He uses Christopher and the factRead MoreEssay on Attitudes Toward Love in French literature838 Words   |  4 Pagesof humans, literature tends to reflect the ideals and thoughts of its writer, while also providing a glimpse into the society, in which the writer penned the story. Perhaps one of the greatest and most intriguing human emotions is love and this theme is present in literature from its beginning to the present day. However, as people and societies changed and evolved, so did the attitudes toward love change with the times. In Medieval French Literature, love is often portrayed as an unreachable emotionRead MoreNormality In The Curious Incident Of The Dog In The Night-Time941 Words   |  4 PagesFirst, Haddon unveils the reality of the idealistic thoughts of normality in society through Christopher and his interpretation of certain aspects of life. The ideals of humans, conform society into making how Christopher views the world not normal. No one perceives certain aspects of life through the same lenses. Haddon connects with the ideals of normality in his novel, The Curious Incident of a Dog in the Night-Time. He uses Christopher and the fact that he only wants to get a degree and a job, earnRead MoreWhat is Beauty? Essay1385 Words   |  6 Pagesby many to explain for this discrepancy, but what does that quickly-spat out phrase even mean? In reality, while the adage is partially true, beauty is not relative or subject to our human whim - it is an ideal created and truly attained only by God, which as His children we are to reflect in love. With a brief analysis, the adage â€Å"Beauty is in the eye of the beholder† perfectly explains and melds into our personal selves, our culture, and the world today. What do people mean when they state thisRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald1152 Words   |  5 PagesGreat Gatsby, the yearning for the past filled with flourishing dreams and ideals is strong enough for them to strive to repeat it. Jay Gatsby’s idealism of the American dream lies in the past with Daisy. To have Daisy’s love is to have her wealth and the possibility of being able to achieve anything. However, in the end, Gatsby’s pursuit is impossible because it is the money he wishes to gain that corrupts the purity of his ideal. Similar to the flaw in Gatsby’s dream, the process of gaining wealth to

Saturday, May 9, 2020

A Streetcar Named Desire By Tennessee Williams - 1263 Words

The dawn of the twentieth century beheld changes in almost every aspect of the day-to-day lives of women, from the domestic domain to the public. By the midpoint of the twentieth century, women s activities and concerns had been recognized by the society in previously male-dominating world. The end of the nineteenth century saw tremendous growth in the suffrage movement in England and the United States, with women struggling to attain political equality. However, this was not to last however, and by the fifties men had reassumed their more dominant role in society. Tennessee Williams wrote A Streetcar Named Desire around the time this reversal was occurring in American society. In this play male dominance is clear. Women are represented as delicate, reserved, and silent, confined to a domestic world that isolated them from the harsh realities of the world. By analyzing the character of Stanley; a masculine and Stella; a symbol of femininity; and other characters of this play, readers can clearly see how male-dominated world it was. The play portrays Stanley’s masculine character in the very beginning. Williams writes, â€Å"Stanley carries his bowling jacket and a red-stained package from a butcher’s† (Williams 13). Williams uses props to emphasize Stanley’s ‘primitive’ masculinity. Another use of pros by Williams to portray male dominance, â€Å"Stanley, Steve, Mitch, and Pablo wear colored shirts, solid blues, a purple, a red-and-white-check, a light green, and they are men at theShow MoreRelatedA Streetcar Named Desire By Tennessee Williams1109 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"A Streetcar Named Desire† is a play written by Tennessee Williams. Williams was born in Columbus, Mississippi but with a different name. He changed his name from Thomas Lanier Williams to what the readers know today as Tennessee Williams. (Forman). Williams is widely known for his plays, short stories, and poems across the world. He has won many awards for his work such as The New York Criti cs’ Circle Award and 2 Pulitzer awards. The play â€Å"A Streetcar Named Desire he won his first Pulitzer PrizeRead MoreA Streetcar Named Desire By Tennessee Williams1442 Words   |  6 PagesThroughout Tennessee Williams’s play, â€Å"A Streetcar Named Desire† one can learn a large portion about his personal life. In the play the character, Blanche has a mental illness the same as his sister Rose had in her lifetime. Blanche’s ex-husband was also homosexual and he made the point to say that he left her for a man and Williams himself was also a homosexual. Tennessee chose for the story to be based in New Orleans, which was a crumbling town at the time and Williams was living a crumbling lifeRead MoreA Streetcar Named Desire By Tennessee Williams928 Words   |  4 PagesAnalysis Paper: A Streetcar Named Desire For my analysis paper, I have chosen the full-length play by Tennessee Williams, A Streetcar Named Desire. The drama containing several forms of realism was released in December of 1947 and stayed open on Broadway for two years until December of 1949. The play in set in New Orleans, Louisiana in a simi-poor area, but has a certain amount of charm that goes along with it. Williams creates a vast web of emotional conflicts thought all the characters, whichRead MoreA Streetcar Named Desire, By Tennessee Williams1629 Words   |  7 PagesA Streetcar Named Desire, written by Tennessee Williams, was first performed on December 3rd, 1947. Chronicling the actions and events that take place when two sisters are reunited, A Streetcar Named Desire is regarded as one of Tennessee William’s most successful plays. Likewise, â€Å"Blank Space†, written and performed by Taylor Swift, was first performed November 23rd, during the 2014 American Music Awards. â€Å"Blank Space† s pent 22 weeks in the top 40 charts and is featured on the best selling albumRead MoreA Streetcar Named Desire By Tennessee Williams Essay1226 Words   |  5 PagesA Streetcar Named Desire In the summer of post World War II in New Orleans, Louisiana lives hard working, hardheaded Stanley and twenty-five year old pregnant, timid Stella Kowalski in a charming two-bedroom apartment on Elysian Fields. Stella’s older sister Blanche Dubois appears in the first scene unexpectedly from Laurel, Mississippi carrying everything she owns. In Tennessee Williams’ A Streetcar Named Desire, despite Blanche’s desire to start fresh in New Orleans, her snobbish nature, inabilityRead MoreA Streetcar Named Desire by Tennessee Williams672 Words   |  3 Pagesof the era—is Tennessee Williams’ A Streetcar Named Desire, a tale of one woman’s destruction due to Southern society’s changing moral values. The destruction of the Old Southern society around the main character, Blanche DuBois, causes her to go insane and she cannot stand the low morals that the New South is carrying in its baggage. Because of his Southern roots, Tennessee Williams’ past is able to shine through his work. Born to a drunken shoe maker and a Southern belle, Williams was supportedRead MoreA Streetcar Named Desire By Tennessee Williams1054 Words   |  5 Pagescalled â€Å"A Streetcar Named Desire†, there are numerous amounts of tragic events that not only affected the person in the event, but others around them as well. A tragedy, or tragic event, is known to bring chaos, destruction, distress, and even discomfort such as a natural disaster or a serious accident. A tragedy in a story can also highlight the downfall of the main character, or sometimes one of the more important character. In this book, â€Å"A Streetcar Named Desire†, written by Tennessee Williams, heRead MoreTennessee Williams A Streetcar Named Desire929 Words   |  4 PagesThe â€Å"Desire’s† Breakdown Tennessee Williams’ A Streetcar Named Desire is a web of themes, complicated scenarios, and clashes between the characters. Therefore, it might’ve been somehow difficult to find out who the protagonist of this play is if it wasn’t for Aristotle’s ideas of a good tragedy because neither of the main characters, Stanley Kowalski and Blanche Dubois, is completely good nor bad. According to Aristotle’s Poetics, a good tragedy requires the protagonist to undergo a change of statusRead MoreTennessee Williams A Streetcar Named Desire964 Words   |  4 PagesLike many people in the world, the characters in Tennessee William’s play, A Streetcar Named Desire, are troubled by anxiety and insecurities. Life in New Orleans during the 1940s was characterized by the incredible variety of music, lively and bright atmosphere, and diverse population, while in the midst of the ongoing World War II. Culture was rich and fruitful because the city developed into a â€Å"melting pot† of people from all over the world. Due to the wide-range in population, the people ofRead MoreA Streetcar Named Desire By Tennessee Williams2024 Words   |  9 PagesA Streetcar Named Desire was written by Tennessee Williams in the late 1940s. The play takes place in New Orleans, Louisiana. A Streetcar Named Desire is a tragedy about a Mississippi school teacher, Blanche DuBois, who travels to New Orleans to visit her sister and brother-in-law, Stella and Stanley Kowalski. Throughout this play, Williams displays the destruction of Blanche DuBois’ life by alcoholism, her lust for young boys, and Stanley Kowalski. In this play there are distinct differences between

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Scaling Social Entrepreneurship Free Essays

Social Entrepreneurship Should Address the Large Social Problems 53 VII- Scaling Social Entrepreneurship 58 VIII- The Conclusions 81 Footnotes 5 Many people stimulated my thinking on social entrepreneurship during my years at the non-profit foundation One Laptop per Child (OLAP). Their ideas may not be fully acknowledged in this book. I would like to thank Giuliani Atomic, Marina Cortes, Chuck Kane, Walter Bender, and Miguel Brenner for their friendship, patient explanations and insights that enabled me to hopefully better understand social problems and how social entrepreneurship can be applied to achieve solutions to such problems. We will write a custom essay sample on Scaling Social Entrepreneurship or any similar topic only for you Order Now Chuck also arranged for me to teach a course in social entrepreneurship each January in 2011-2015 at the MIT Sloan School of Management. Richard Bernstein of Greenberg Trauma should also be recognized for bringing me the opportunity to work for the first time In my career in the non-profit sector. As explained in the following Introduction, a single comment by Nicholas Negotiate led me to write this book. Another comment from Nicholas may be the basis for my third book. Any errors in this book are solely my responsibility. Many people encouraged me to write a book about OLAP. I elected not to do such a book but rather to more generally discuss the lessons I learned about how to scale a social entrepreneurship project. For more on the philosophy and history of OLAP I My favorite OLAP picture. West Bank 2010 8 Introduction From September 2009 until April 2013 1 served as the CUFF of One Laptop per Child Association. The mission of OLAP is to provide a modern education through a connected laptop to every child in the developing world. Nicholas Negotiate, Seymour Paper and several other professors and staff at the MIT Media Lab founded OLAP in 2005. Nicholas was the co-founder of the oral famous MIT Media Lab and Seymour, his colleague at the Media Lab, was one of the leading authorities in the area of how to facilitate child learning through computers. When Nicholas founded the MIT Media Lab he adopted two principles that established the culture of the organization: 1. â€Å"Demo or die† 2. â€Å"Do the impossible† â€Å"Demo or die† basically determined the type of research that was desired. Rather than writing academic papers, students at the Media Lab were required to develop working prototypes, either physical working models or working computer code for computer-based solutions. Paper’s views on constructionist and constructivism in learning probably contributed to this approach. Alan Kay, another MIT faculty member of considerable distinction, may have also influenced this tenet. â€Å"Do the Impossible† defined the types of problems that were acceptable to work on and was based on the thinking of the legendary MIT professor Marvin Minsk. Students were encouraged to work on large, difficult problems where the technology for a solution did not already exist. This focus on large problems is consistent with the concept in entrepreneurship to focus on large market opportunities, although at the Media Lab it was understood that the sponsors of the Media Lab would license and commercialism the new technology developed. This orientation toward large, difficult problems guided the philosophy and development of OLAP Loop’s mission is to provide a laptop to 1. Billion children in primary schools throughout the world. To achieve this end OLAP needed a solution that would scale on several dimensions. In one of our occasional discussions said to Nicholas that OLAP, although it originated as a detonative non-profit, was a great example of social entrepreneurship. Nicholas spooned, â€Å"social entrepreneurship does not scale. † As was the case several times, Nicholas made a single statement that prompted me to go off and think about an issue-?sometimes for several years-? which resulted in this book. Note: Nicholas’ view of the limitations of social entrepreneurship is based on a belief that to achieve scale in solving social problems an organization had to engage national governments around the world. Such governments were much more likely to â€Å"partner† with non-profits that did not have the profit motive of an entrepreneur. ] Prior to OLAP I spent 30 years working in the private sector and twenty of hose years I worked outside the U. S. I have worked in over forty countries, mostly in Asia 10 and Latin America, and I lived in Peru and Indonesia. One advantage of spending so much time overseas is that I was able to first hand observe a country’s development over a significant period of time. With the exception of China, every country that I visited beginning in the 1 sass exhibited a significant improvement in the standard of living by the start of the 21 SST century through the capitalist system of free enterprise. The examples I would cite to demonstrate my point would include Mexico, Singapore, Korea, Taiwan, Peru and Thailand, all of which were very undeveloped countries in the early 1 sass and today are vibrant economies with a significant improvement in the standard of living. While stable governments, democracy and globalization were all contributing factors in certain countries, see capitalism as the one common factor in the countries I cited and in many other countries. Based on my own experience I have great confidence in capitalist, profit companies as a way to improve peoples lives anywhere in the world and thereby address social needs. During the financial crisis of 2008 when the world economic system purportedly came close to collapse, the issue of the morality of capitalism re- emerged as a popular topic and encouraged the growth of social entrepreneurship. History often paints capitalism as fundamentally amoral, lacking a moral system. Milton Friedman’s now famous dictum that the purpose of a corporation is to maximize shareholder returns did much to popularize the absence of morality in capitalism. However, to criticize capitalism for a lack of morality based on the egregious behavior of a few individuals is comparable to criticizing the social system of 11 â€Å"government† because of the behavior of Hitler or Stalin. It is the people pirating the social system that may be immoral and generally not the system itself. My belief that capitalism can behave morally and make a social contribution is in part based on the nine years spent working in Indonesia. Indonesia is one of the poorest countries in Asia with per capita income of $600 or about $2 per day during most of the time I lived there (1990-1999). With a lot of other people helping, I built a billion dollar retail company in seven years that purchased $700 million dollars a year in locally manufactured merchandise, created 20,000 new retail jobs, built out one million square feet of retail space ere year and was one of the largest private sector tax payers in the country. These activities had a positive social and economic benefit beyond just our employees for thousands of other workers and their families in Indonesia. No socially motivated MONGO, multi-lateral bank or non-profit organization improved the number of lives we benefited operating a for-profit company. Perhaps only the Indonesian government affected more people than this private retail company. The point here is not to toot my horn but rather to show the positive impact in a poor country of a large, private, for-profit many with no explicit â€Å"social† mission. This confidence in the capitalist system instinctively makes me suspect of the need for the adjective â€Å"social† to modify entrepreneurship. (This may be similar to the debate in microeconomics over whether â€Å"utility† needed the modifier â€Å"marginal†. â€Å"Social† to modify entrepreneurship implies that this form of entrepreneurship is 12 more focused on societal, economic and environmental problems than traditional entrepreneurship. Also implied is the idea that creating social value is better or preferred to merely creating economic value. Setting aside he problem of how one might measure â€Å"social† value, would question the premise that we even need a distinction f or the social value component in social entrepreneurship, particularly given my experience in Indonesia. Despite my reluctance to acknowledge â€Å"social† as a meaningful distinction in entrepreneurship, I have organized this book on social entrepreneurship to develop the following themes: Why social entrepreneurship emerged as a new â€Å"business model†, which includes an argument for how to combine capitalism and morality as an integrated approach (Chapter I-The Emergence of Social Entrepreneurship in he 21st Century) The government’s defined role as the sole provider of â€Å"public good† has been relaxed, opening the door for the private sector to provide social services (Chapter II- Government and the Public Good) The non-profit movement has influenced the development Of social entrepreneurship, resulting in social entrepreneurs erroneously electing non- profits status. Such an election restricts access to capital markets (in my experience) and deprives them of a key resource to scale their organizations 13 which we call â€Å"society’ and the former [state] ought to provide merely a Hayes rotational entrepreneurship have made a significant contribution to addressing social problems worldwide. (Chapter VIII-The Conclusions) 15 Chapter I-The Emergence of Social Entrepreneurship in the 21 SST Century Many believe that social entrepreneurship emerged as an alternative form of entrepreneurship in the first decade of the 21st century because more and more people were turning away from â€Å"big business† in order to â€Å"do good† and â€Å"save the world†. While true for some individuals, I believe that four factors explain the emergence of social entrepreneurship: 1. A Nobel prize for Muhammad Nuns . A renewal of the question of whether capitalism is moral 3. A wide spread recognition that government alone cannot solve social problems 4. The writings of C. K. Parallax and Clayton Christensen Muhammad Nuns and C. K. Parallax deserve much of the credit for the emergence of social entrepreneurship. The fact that Nuns is from Bangladesh and Parallax is from India is not a coincidence, but rather the basis for their more profound understanding of the dynamics of developing markets and their populations. Social entrepreneurship gained international acclaim when Muhammad Nuns on the Nobel Prize in 2006 for his micro-lending activities in Bangladesh. Providing loans to foster economic development for very poor people had never been done on a large scale prior to Nuns’ Grahame Bank. Grahame Bank is now one of the largest companies in the world using social entrepreneurship as its business model, with 16 annual revenues in 201 1 exceeding $170 million. Tom’s Shoes, to be discussed in Chapter V, may indeed be larger, but I could not find any reliable information on annual revenues. The key factor to explain the success Of the Nuns’ program was that poor people actually do repay their loans (despite life to the contrary by many). I learned the same lesson in Indonesia in the asses building a credit card program for customers that earned only $1000 per year. The economic crisis of 2007 re-opened the debate from the asses about the morality of capitalism and the reasons for renewed debate were the same. A period of high economic growth and significant wealth accumulation was followed by a period of major economic collapse. Such wide swings in the economy were perceived as the fault of the capitalists and their immoral behavior, as evidenced by all the average people whose lives were disrupted hen the economy crashed. Faced With such stern criticism and claims of immorality, a natural outgrowth was for everyone, including for-profit corporations, to act in ways that were more socially responsible. One derivative idea was social entrepreneurship. Harvard Business School (HOBS) weighed in with several articles in support of capitalism and social responsibility. After all why do we need a business school if capitalism is doomed to collapse under the weight of its immoral behavior? Michael Porter, the world-renowned strategy professor at the school, described the situation after 2007: 17 The capitalist system is under siege. In recent years business increasingly has been viewed as a major cause of social, environmental, and economic problems. Companies are widely perceived to be prospering at the expense of the broader community. † porter’s solution is the concept of â€Å"shared value†, which he defines as: creating economic value in a way that also creates value for society by addressing its needs and challenges†¦ He concept of shared value†¦ Recognizes that societal needs, not just conventional economic needs, define markets. It also recognizes that social harms or weaknesses frequently rate internal costs for firms-?such as wasted energy or raw materials, costly accidents, and the need for remedial training t o compensate for inadequacies in education. † 1 A classic example of shared value is a company that should avoid polluting a river because the pollution kills the company’s potential customers down river. If this example does not move you to reconsider the morality of capitalism, other professors at HOBS offered perhaps more persuasive arguments. Rebecca Henderson and Karachi Raman from HOBS produced a paper titled â€Å"Managers and Market Capitalism†. Long overdue, in my opinion, the authors introduce the need for morality in capitalism. The paper argues that businesses have a moral responsibility in addition to Milton Friedman’s economic dictum to maximize shareholder returns. The authors argue that businesses have a moral 18 obligation to serve society by preserving free markets and capitalism and not just satisfy the self-interest of shareholders. Essentially if capitalism and free markets were to end, the shareholders would be harmed by a significant or total loss in the value of their shareholdings. Therefore, egregious behavior, such as the 2007 financial crisis, undermines the integrity of capitalism and ere markets and is therefore immoral. Although the authors did not extend the argument, I believe that they would agree that more socially responsible behavior by corporations fosters more confidence in capitalism and thereby benefits shareholders. Many argue implicitly or explicitly for the need for more social ventures, including social entrepreneurship, due to the lack Of a moral compass in for-profit ventures as a result of the underlying concept of self-interest. I believe that Henderson and Raman present a simple logic that shows for-profit managers a reason for moral behavior-?the reservation of the capitalist system. While it may not meet the standards of the Ten Commandments or other well-known moral systems, preserving the capitalist system does provide the basis to infuse capitalism with an easily understood morality-?act in ways which foster an appreciation and respect for capitalism by society. All but the most die-hard communist should see value in the argument. If not yet convinced about the role Of morality in capitalism, Herbert Simon, the 1978 Nobel Prize winner in economics offers support to introduce morality in capitalism. Simon developed the concept of bounded rationality– sections can only be optimal and never maximized. Bounded rationality offers for-profit managers the 19 â€Å"flexibility† for considerable moral and socially beneficial behaviors to perpetuate the capitalist system. Optimal decisions are by definition a matter of interpretation and not held to the more rigorous standard of minimization. How to cite Scaling Social Entrepreneurship, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Treasure Of The Sierra Madre - Movie Review Essays -

Treasure of the Sierra Madre - Movie Review In the movie Treasure of the Sierra Madre, two down and out American ex-patriots in Tampico, Mexico, team up with an old prospector to look for gold. Throughout the movie, these three men are faced with various challenges. They must fight off bandits, try to survive in the wilderness and learn to tolerate and trust each other. The movie opens on the hands of a scraggly looking bum, dirty and scrounging, holding a lottery ticket. This man is later introduced as Dobbs. He is begging for money from richer looking men until he is given some. He takes the money and goes to the barbershop for a shave and a haircut. Dobbs then accepts a job for eight American dollars a day. When the job is finished, he and another guy (the bum that he had met earlier on) are not paid. The younger American, named Curtain asks Dobbs, how much money they had left between them, hoping it was enough to rent a bed somewhere. They find a place that they can afford and when they get there overhear someone talking. The old man, a scruffy toothless gold prospector named Howard is describing the adventurous hunt for gold. Being half drunk and overtired, Dobbs cannot resist taking an interest in the conversation. He, Curtain, and Howard decide to pool their money together for a total of 500 dollars. Howard does not think it is enough to buy tools and such, but it will do. Just then, the little boy that Dobbs bought the lottery ticket from comes in exclaiming that Dobbs has won 200 pesos. This was enough, added to their other money to send them on their trip. They venture on and eventually find gold. What they find, they do not believe is gold, but sand. Only after closely inspecting it, are they sure it is truly genuine. A mysterious man follows Curtain from the village he was sent to for supplies back to their camp. He is introduces as Cody and wonders if he could be a partner. Curtain, Dobbs, and Howard figure that they have three options, send him away, kill him, or make him a partner. They decide send him away is useless and making him a partner is out of the question, death is the only option. Just then bandits attack and end up killing Cody. When looking through his belongings before burying him and find out that he has a wife and a child. They decide that it is time to pack up and leave with the $35,000 that they each have. They say goodbye to the mountain and start their way down. Curtain suggests that they give Cody's widow a partner's fourth and Howard agrees; Dobbs greedily resists. While they are arguing, a group of Indians approaches them in need of help. They mistake Howard as a medicine man and insist he follow them. A boy had fallen into the river and nearly drowned. He was still unconscious and partly in shock. Howard saves the child and goes back to camp. The Indians follow and demand he come back with them so their debts can be repaid. He makes Dobbs and Curtain continue down the mountain. He will catch up in a few days. Dobbs suggests that they take Howard's share of the goods and go north. Curtain being an honest man says he would never do it, not even to Dobbs. Dobbs then draws his gun on Curtain fearing that he will lose his money to his partner. Dobbs is certain that Curtain will murder him in the night and murder him, so he bets him all the gold that he will be able to stay awake longer. When Curtain falls asleep first, Dobbs attacks him and shoots him twice. He then goes to sleep. Meanwhile, an injured Curtain crawls off ending up back at the Indian camp where Howard is. Howard cleans the wounds as curtain explains to him what is going on with Dobbs. Dobbs' conscience gets to him, not wanting to leave Curtain to the vultures and not knowing if he is dead. So he goes back to shoot him again and bury him and realizes that he